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Mine Planning and Production Guide 101

comprehensive guide for mining companies

Mine Planning and Production Guide

Good mine planning leads to high productivity by both optimizing the ability to work and when the work to be undertaken. This guide by Grid will provide you with insights into Mine Planning and Minerals Production. It covers topics including the challenges both on-site and off-site faced by miners, steps for successful implementation of mine plan, and overview of mine production and mineral processing. Download the free e-book today and get the Mineral Exploration Guide!

Mine Production

Overview

Mine production activities are carried out by thousands of small as well as big miners. Typically, it includes two major processes - mineral extraction and mineral processing. These processes are however supported by equipment manufacturers, metallurgical analysis, and environmental testing.

The basic production cycle of mine goes like this - drill + blast + load + haul. However, the cycle of operation is slightly different in surface and underground mining. The modern mining techniques are trying hard to combine functions of the production cycle to level-up extraction continuity.

Understanding Critical aspects Mining Functions

1. Asset Tracking and Management

The mining industry undeniably relies heavily on its assets. As minerals extraction keeps increasing, tracking and management become very important. Establishing an asset tracking and system will help in effective risk management, improved capital productivity, and reduction in energy consumption.

2. Efficiency Tracking and Mechanism

Poor equipment efficiency can hamper the productivity and success of any mining operation. It is important to analyse the effectiveness and efficiency of equipment regularly to avoid on-site accidents. This can only be done by setting up a system that would help in tracking the efficiency and mechanism within a mining site.

3. On-site QA QC of Raw Material (Run-off mine ore)

QA QC is the process of ensuring the quality of the minerals extracted. It plays a significant role in mineral processing as it helps in determining the success of a mining process. Since the end product is dependent on the raw materials, it is essential to inspect these closely. If the materials meet the standards and requirements, they can be processed further.

4. Inventory Management at remote locations: How one small unit can incur unprecedented losses at remote mine sites

The importance of inventory management in mining must not be overlooked. However, many companies are using complex spreadsheets and manual methods to keep track of inventory. Even though spreadsheets have its advantages like familiarity and flexibility, it comes with a series of drawbacks too. For instance, compiling records from every department creates room for a lot of errors. Even a tiny mistake of numbers can incur unnecessary losses at remote mining sites. Inventory management truly means active monitoring and management of inventory in real-time. Real-time inventory accounting will allow miners to become more competent and responsive to meet supply chain demand.

5. Mineral Productivity and Efficiency

In order to improve productivity and efficiency, companies must establish repeatable best practices that will enable them to achieve this. Adapting to the latest technology including 3D Printing and Mapping, Automated Drilling, Smart Sensors, Digital Twinning, and Simulation Modelling, and use of reliable software could be helpful. The companies need to concentrate on making a strong mine plan and schedule, management of budget with results to less risk. Companies should identify close operational efficiency gaps by implementing lean/six sigma methodologies and financial management metrics like SVA. Also, with the advent of data analytics, AI, and ML in the mining industry have enabled miners to access data, reports, and make decisions on the go making them more efficient than before.

6. Importance of cut-off grade(COG) in mining

COG is an industry-accepted standard expression used to determine what part of a mineral deposit to include in a mineral resource estimate (MRE). It stands for the minimum grade required by a mineral deposit to be called an ore. These grades are crucial for mine design and planning. For MRE reporting, COGs tend to be rounded down to ensure that material of no economic significance is excluded from the resource.

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