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Mine Planning and Production Guide 101

comprehensive guide for mining companies

Mine Planning and Production Guide

Good mine planning leads to high productivity by both optimizing the ability to work and when the work to be undertaken. This guide by Grid will provide you with insights into Mine Planning and Minerals Production. It covers topics including the challenges both on-site and off-site faced by miners, steps for successful implementation of mine plan, and overview of mine production and mineral processing. Download the free e-book today and get the Mineral Exploration Guide!

What process is involved in mining?

The process of mining can be narrowed down to 6 essential steps - Prospecting, Exploration, Planning, Development, Extraction, and Closure. Furthermore, each step requires precision and perfection, making mining not only lengthy but also an expensive activity to undertake.

Prospecting

Prospecting is the first step in mining where a miner searches for the area with possible mineral or ore deposits. Historically, prospecting was done by roaming and visually examining the likely areas. The color of the soil acted as a guide to ores. However, the modern prospecting technique is a mixture of conventional and new laboratory techniques.

Exploration

After finding a prospect, the next step is to study the properties of the mineral resource. An ore sample is collected with the help of diamond drilling and sent to geologists for further study. Geologists and metallurgists through multiple techniques analyze the composition and quantity of the ore. Post these studies, a feasibility study is carried out to determine if the ore is worth processing or disposing of.

Planning

Designing and planning a project begins with the assessment of various parameters. Typically, the process starts by determining the mining method, followed by questions like:

  • How safe is the mining process?
  • Is the process economically feasible?
  • Impacts of the mining process on the environment.

Development

Followed by the mine planning comes the process of development of a mine or preparing a mine for mineral extraction. This stage particularly includes designing and construction of access roads on the site. Procurement of all the licenses required for mining work and the establishment of reliable power sources also happens at this stage.

Extraction

Once all the parameters are ascertained, the physical procedure begins. In this stage, large quantities of mineral resources are extracted from the surface of the earth. Extraction is typically what we envision when we read about mining.

Closure

A reclamation or a closure plan is made even before a mine starts to operate. The objective of the closure plan is to restore the mining land to the largest possible extent. Present-day mining methods focus on minimizing environmental damage to a maximum degree. So, reclamation plans are becoming a major part of modern mining practices.

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